Risks Factors 

Babies, Infants  

  • Hearing loss inherited directly or indirectly from parents.

  • Use of certain medicines that damage hearing.

  • Jaundice, especially where it was not treated.

  • Premature birth and/or low birth weight.

  • Birthing difficulties where the baby may suffer lack of oxygen (hypoxia).

  • Infections in the mother, such as rubella (german measles), syphilis, cytomegalovirus infection and toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can cause damage to the baby’s inner ear.


  • Infections such as mumps, measles and meningitis.

  • Medicines e.g. certain anti-malarial drugs like quinine, antibiotics such as gentamycin, certain anti-cancer medicines.

  • Ear infections commonly presenting with recurrent or persistent ear discharge.

  • Glue ear or fluid that remains in the middle ear after a cold or ear infection.

  • Injuries to the head or ear depending on the location and severity of the injury.

  • Excessive ear was or a foreign body (e.g. beads, insects) in the ear canal. 

  • Loud sounds e.g listening to loud music through headphones/earphones, in places such as music shows, exposure to loud explosions or fireworks.

Adults  ​

  • Prolonged noise exposure from working in noisy places e.g. loud machinery use, music industry, working with guns and other weapons.

  • Listening to loud music through headphones, or in places with loud music, or single exposure to a high intensity sound like a blast or an explosion.

  • Medicines that can damage hearing such as certain antibiotics, antimalarials, anticancer  medicines and injectables for drug resistant tuberculosis

  • Injury to the head or ears.

  • Untreated, prolonged ear infections.

  • Age-related hearing loss.

  • Ear diseases indicated by recurrent or persistent ear discharge or pain.

  • Health conditions such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes.

*© 2020 by Audition Technology